Froebel Star
Contents of this Page
What is Froebel Star?
How to Make Froebel Star:
...The Four Strips
...The First 2x2 Square
...The Second 2x2 Square
...The Eight Points
...The Eight Bags
Variants of Froebel Star 
Froebel's Star on the Internet
References
Comments.
.
.
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To the Main Page       "Mathematische Basteleien"

What is the Froebel Star?
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The Froebel star is a three-dimensional star made of four strips of paper.
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How to Make Froebel's Star in Five Steps

The Four Strips  top
1
Cut out four strips of paper in size 1: 25 or better 1:30.
2
Fold the strips in the middle and cut the ends diagonally.
The First 2x2 Square top
3
Hold the first strip horizontally and hang the second strip over it.
4
Wrap the third strip round the second.
5
Wrap the fourth strip around the third and stick the ends of the fourth strip into the loop of the first strip.

6
Pull the ends of the four strips until a square of four squares appears.

The Second 2x2 Square top
7
Fold the top left strip downwards.
8
Fold the left strip to the right and put it upon the one just folded.
9
Fold the right strip upwards.
10
Fold the top left strip to the right and stick its end into the loop of the strip first folded (see 7).
11
Pull the end to the right.
The Eight Points  top
12
Fold the left strip with a turn through 90 degrees to the left. 
Make sure that you have to fold down to the left.
13
Fold the same strip up with a turn through 90 degrees.
14
Put the strip upon the both left squares. The first point of the star is nearly ready.
15
Bend down the point since it is vertical to the four squares.
16
Stick the free end of the strip, which belongs to the point, under the small square on the bottom left.
17

Pull the free end of the strip up in one go.
18
Turn the unfinished star through 90 degrees clockwise.
The strip for the next point is waiting at the same place as before.
19
Fold the second point.
Turn through 90 degrees clockwise again and make the third point.
Turn and make the fourth point in the same way.
20
Turn around the unfinished star. The reverse side is in front now.
21
Fold the last four points in the same way as before.
The Eight Bags   top
22
Fold the four free ends of the strips in the opposite directions. The strips must come out in the middle and must hang free.
23
Fold the strip down left to the left. Turn the strip through 90 degrees.
24
Put the strip upright, so that it is vertical to the squares.
Stick its end under the neighbouring strip.
Make sure that the side of the strip, which points to the top, is also on top if you stick it in.
25
Push the free end of the strip further. It appears at the point down on the right between the two triangles, which form the point.
Pull the free end of the strip and form a bag with your fingers.
26
Make the remaining seven bags in the same way.
Cut off the ends of the strips at the points.
27

The star is finished :-).

Variants of the Froebel Star top
1. You can stop after step 21 and leave out the bags. 
2. You can fold the star as small as possible.
3. You can leave step 23. Then you don't get pointed bags but more bows. 
4. You can use different materials like paper, silk, aluminium foil or plastics.
5. The strips can have different colours, also on both sides. You can colour the strips or the finished star. 
6. You can dip the star in fluid wax and/or cover it with glitter. You can fix the glitter with hair setting lotion. 
7. In the shop of the Kreuzkirche at Dresden I saw, that the stars can have a tail. Don't cut two strips. 
8. Don't cut the strip ends and connect stars with them to get pairs or star rosettes. 
9. You can form mobiles with stars. 

I like the simple one-colour-star best. 


This is a suggestion, how to make a rosette with shortened strips.

Froebel Star on the Internet     top

German

Fröbelschule Kiel
Der Fröbelstern

Hildegard Geisler / Ralph Sontag
Empfehlung und Bastelanleitung

Markus Götz
Die wahrscheinlich kleinsten Papiersterne der Welt

NN (Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin) 
Der Fröbelstern (Video)

Sabine Viertel  (treffpunkt-ostsee.de)
Weihnachtsstern - Fröbelstern basteln

Ursula Meiß (Ursulas Kreativ-Insel)
Anleitung Fröbelstern

Wikipedia
Fröbelstern

Youtube (videos)
Fröbelstern faltenfröbelstern


English

craftideas
How to Make a German Paper Star

David Lister Grimsby
The Swedish StarFroebel 

Maddy and Maverick
3-D Stars - Free Instructions

Matt and Elaine Vardjan
Pennsylvania German Folk Art Papers

Nagledesign
How to make stars

NN
Folded Paper German Star Video Tutorial  (Video)

Origamisan
Ribbon Folding, Fish  (In Germany known as Fröbelfisch)

WikiHow
How to Make a German "ribbon" Star

Wikipedia
Froebel star

Youtube (Videos)
Origami Froebel star by Froebel Friedrich
3D Paper Stars Part 1 highhopes no. 73D Paper Stars Part 2 highhopes no. 8
Small paper bow


References   (German) top
(1) Walter Diem: Sterne, Sterne, Weihnachtssterne, Augsburg 1995
(2) BURDA, Weihnachtsbasteln, E466, Offenburg 1979
(3) Kunihiko Kasahara, Origami ohne Grenzen, München 2001 (ISBN 3-8043-0687-X)


Comments    top
- In Germany the star is called Fröbelstern. In the English-speaking world there is no common name. I found German Star, Swedish Star, Polish Star, Danish Star, Pennsylvanian Star, Advent Star, Moravian Star, and (!) Froebel Star. 


- Friedrich Fröbel (1782-1852) was one of the founders of the kindergarten movement. He used for instance children's play instinct for plaiting and folding works to give them an understanding of mathematics. So the name of the star is appropriate. 
I found out that the name Fröbelstern first arose in the 1960s. But I am not sure.

 I know the star by the "Bodelschwinghschen Anstalten" at Bethel near Bielefeld. They sent three or four stars to those as a Christmas present, who collected used stamps for them during the year. (The "Bodelschwinghschen Anstalten" is a home of mentally disturbed people. They still collect stamps. Please support them.)

-An extract of a description of folding the star from 1891 follows.
It was kindly given to me by Origami Deutschland (http://www.papierfalten.de/).
They told me that the star was known before Fröbel and that Fröbel knew it. The name was given by someone later. 

- Today the star has a large circulation in Germany, but not many people can fold it. You can buy it in shops for 1.50 € to decorate your Christmas tree. 

- You make the strips best with a cutting tool or you take ribbons used in gift-wrapping.

Feedback: Email address on my main page

This page is also available in German.

URL of my Homepage:
http://www.mathematische-basteleien.de/

©  1999 Jürgen Köller

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