String Game for Two
 What is the String Game for Two? Classical game Videos and my Findings String Figure Notation (SFN) String Game for Two on the Internet References My Comments .
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What is the String Game for Two?
 ....... String games deal with figures, which are knotted on the fingers of a player.  This can be a fine art. A simple and well known string game is a partnership game, where figures are given from one person to the other so that a new figure arises each time. The English name is Cat's Cradle, the German name Schweinchen auf der Leiter (Piggy on the ladder). Both names come from figures in the series.

Classical game  top
The following photos show the eight figures of the classical game, how it already was described in book (1) from 1906.
The first player (my daughter) knots figure 1, the second player (my granddaughter) finishes their game with figure 6
I added the following and final figure 7.

 1 Cradle 2 Soldier's Bed 3 Candles

 4 Manger 2 Soldier's Bed 5  The Cat's Eye

 6 Fish in a Dish 7 Clock

Schematic illustration

I added a number and a name to the photos.
1 Cradle, 2 Soldier's Bed, 3 Candles, 4 Manger, 2 Soldier's Bed, 5 The Cat's Eye, 6 Fish in a Dish, 7 Clock.
The German names are
1 Anfangsfigur, 2 Matratze, 3 Straße, 4 Wiege, 2 Matratze, 5 Katzenauge, 6 Schweinchen auf der Leiter, 7 Standuhr
The names, which I have chosen here, are most commonly used.

>You notice that figure 1 with the name Cradle is figure 4 (Manger) upside down.

>You notice further that figure 2 (Soldier's bed) comes twice in the series of figures. Being exact they are not the same. At first you grip bottom-up, later on from top to bottom. But the figures themselves are the same.
By the way there is a technique, where the fingers show upwards also at the second time.

The classical game has the description 12342567 in my numbering.

Videos und my Findings      top
I wish give on the figures to the other player, so that a new figure appears each time.
You can best find out by the following video clips, which come from all over the world.

Videos with the classical progress
 Provider Jason Paul Jesteppi Wikihow Link How to Play... How to Play... Series of figures 12342567. 12342567. 12342567. Language englisch englisch stumm

Videos with variationen
The following videos demonstrate clearly that Cat's Cradle is played in numerous variations all over the world.
 Provider alexandem1000 anhehn Bianca Garbers Cheon1Son Coolcatzz21 DeTradiciónOral Azuqueca divertudo Educar para Crescerx elddarcstac Elke Kraft Gao TengFei I Gao TengFei II HoickDouga 1 HoickDouga 2 Ivanei Silveira Jenny Hogarth Jesteppi juegoscooperativospr Kidspot .com.au lacasadechile LaReCreativeFamille Louis Enright Marcelo Gabriel Mei Man Michael Grabowski 1 Michael Grabowski 2 Michael Grabowski 3 MomsMinivan schnudolph Teneal Coons Tiago Santiago topeakokx3 Link Cats cradle ... Figures for... Cama-de-gato... Como brincar... How To Make... How To Make... xxx.... xxx.... How to Play... String games... ¿Cómo jugar... How to do... (JOGO):... Cat's Cradle... Speed... How to do... Cats cradle... CAMA DE... How to play ... Series of figures 1234234254 1234256 12342564 stopp 12342564 123425825258225... 1234234 123423423423422423 1234234 123423 12825564' stop 1x2442344 12342256 123425 56582 1234256583 34258 1234252234... 234234234... 123425623425647 123 stop 1234252... 1232323 12342568 1234256 123425 123425425 12342568 1234 stop 1234234234... 1234256425644??212 1234256 1234 stop 1234234234234... 34256 1234234254 123425 1342528656... Language englisch stumm deutsch stumm englisch spanisch stumm portugisisch englisch deutsch chinesisch chinesisch stumm stumm stumm stumm englisch spanisch englisch spanisch französisch englisch stumm stumm deutsch (gefällt mir) stumm deutsch englisch deutsch englisch portugiesisch englischer Text

Date: 4/2014

You get plenty of informations, when you watch the videos.

Seven different figures
You receive the second figure Soldier's Bed twice. You can skip it, if you grip figure 1 from above and remove the hands from each other. Thus you have the numbering 1342567 with seven different figures.
By the way figure 3 can come after figure 4 with the same technique.

A new figure
Number 8 appears in the third column in the table above. It means the figure Star, which can also become a bridge between the series of figures with a special technique.
 Figure 8:  Star Source: 583 () Star

Endless games
The game Cat's Cradle is not known as a game with an end in the world as in the classical version, but as an endless game, unless there is a mistake. The reason is that some figures repeat themselves. For example - as I mentioned above - the second figure Soldier's Bed appears twice in the classical game 12342567. That means that you can also follow the loop  234234234...
Figure 4 (Manger) can come after figure 6 (Fish in a Dish):  12342564. This allows the loop 425642564256....
As you can see in the videos endless games like 342565834256583425658... or 565656...  or even 2222222... are possible.

There are more sequences as you can see in the following diagram.

It is also possible that one player can knot series of figures without help.
I also offer videos to look at. Figures, which I can recognize, are in the third column.
 Provider Joseph D'Antoni leesoolsun yunsara Link Play alone Figures 1,8,2,3,4,5,6 1,2,3,2,5,1 1,2,3,2,5 Language stumm stumm stumm

String Figure Notation (SFN)      top
I want this as something special.
 ... People invented a notation to describe the technique of making figures. The first figure Cradle is written this way: FMRL pu SN mt-gr nHS pu-tw ar H; M pu PS I guess it is not easy to understand this code.  I found this on the web page http://www.alysion.org/figures/notation.htm  Anyway, today we have video clips.

String Game for Two on the Internet      top
You can see into the world of string players by the following links.

German

Labbé Verlag
Die VerwandlungGummitwist-Starter

LovlyAngelsEmbrace
Der dritte Trick war uns bekannt.

Mario Hilgemeier

Wikipedia
Abnehmspiel, Gummitwist

English

Arvind Gupta
STRING GAMES    (.pdf File)

Caroline Furness Jayne
String Figures and How to Make Them

Libby Koponen

Torsten Sillke
String Figures

Wikipedia
Cat's cradle, String figureChinese Jump Rope

References   top
(1) Caroline Furness Jayne: String Figures and How to Make Them, New York 1906   (available on the internet, see above)
(2) Daniel Picon: Fadenspiele, Köln 2004 [ISBN 3-89717-252-6]

 ...... All friends, which I addressed, knew the game Cat's Cradle, but not (like we) the German name Schweinchen auf der Leiter (piggy on the ladder). I can well understand the name, because I remember the time of slaughtering a pig at home. The slaughtered pig was fastened to a ladder all legs streched out and opened in the centre.
When we played Cat's Cradle, we never finished in figure 7 (Clock) except we were not careful. When we came to figure 8 (Star), there was the end. We didn't know that you can go further to figure 3 or 2. This was a nice discovery.

This string game Cat's Cradle matches my collection of old family games.
 Paper boat Willow Whistle Handkerchief mouse Schreibspiel Frau Meier (German)

Feedback: Email address on my main page